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Advances in Geosciences An open-access journal for refereed proceedings and special publications
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Volume 45 | Copyright
Adv. Geosci., 45, 217-225, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/adgeo-45-217-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  28 Aug 2018

28 Aug 2018

Spatial assessment of the distribution and potential of bioenergy resources in Kazakhstan

Asima Koshim1, Marat Karatayev2,3, Michèle L. Clarke2,4, and William Nock5 Asima Koshim et al.
  • 1Department of Cartography, Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Avenue, 71, 050040, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • 2Energy Technologies Research Institute, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG8 1BB, UK
  • 3The Water-Energy-Food Nexus Partnership Program, ETH Zurich, Rämistrasse 101, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
  • 4School of Geography, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK
  • 5Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 1TN, UK

Abstract. Kazakhstan is naturally rich in fossil fuels and its economy is strongly linked to oil and gas exports. Significant coal reserves have led to an energy mix that is dominated by aging and polluting thermal power plants. Yet Kazakhstan comprises mainly grassland steppe where agriculture and livestock pastoralism dominate offering the potential for cleaner, renewable energy production from a range of agricultural and forestry wastes. Here we analyse the spatial distribution and bioenergy generation potential of different feedstocks using an ArcGIS platform and demonstrate a significant opportunity for a range of bioenergy technologies. We recommend a number of policy interventions to enable Kazakhstan to make a transition to cleaner, more accessible and locally generated supply which is also sustainable and provide a waste management solution.

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In this paper, we have identified the main residues available in Kazakhstan for bioenergy production as well as their geographical distribution. The bioenergy potential is estimated about 485.36 MJ (or 16.582 Mt of coal equivalent), which account for about 30 % of total current energy consumption of the country. The northern and southern provinces of Kazakhstan have the highest bioenergy potential from wheat residues, while the dryland central provinces have the least potential.
In this paper, we have identified the main residues available in Kazakhstan for bioenergy...
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