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Advances in Geosciences An open-access journal for refereed proceedings and special publications

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Adv. Geosci., 2, 13-19, 2005
© Author(s) 2005. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
22 Feb 2005
Tracking cyclones in regional model data: the future of Mediterranean storms
M. Muskulus and D. Jacob Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg
Abstract. With the advent of regional climate modelling, there are high-resolution data available for regional climatological change studies. Automatic tracking of cyclones in these datasets encounters problems with high spatial resolution due to cyclone substructure. Watershed segmentation, a technique from image analysis, has been used to obtain estimates for the spatial extent of cyclones, enabling better tracking and precipitation analysis. In this study we have used data from a 0.5° Regional Model (REMO) climatological model run for the period from 1961-2099, following the International Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (IPCC SRES) B2 forcing. The resulting hourly mean sea level pressure (MSLP) fields have been analysed for cyclone numbers and tracks in the Mediterranean region. According to the results, the total number of cyclones in the Mediterranean seems to be increasing in the future, in spite of a general decrease of the numbers of stronger systems. In Summer, the increase in each gridbox seems to be proportional to the total number of cyclones in that box, whereas in Winter there is a slight proportional decrease. As concerns track properties and precipitation estimates along tracks, no significant change could be detected.

Citation: Muskulus, M. and Jacob, D.: Tracking cyclones in regional model data: the future of Mediterranean storms, Adv. Geosci., 2, 13-19,, 2005.