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Advances in Geosciences An open-access journal for refereed proceedings and special publications

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Adv. Geosci., 14, 135-140, 2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
02 Jan 2008
Shallow shear-wave reflection seismics in the tsunami struck Krueng Aceh River Basin, Sumatra
U. Polom1, I. Arsyad2, and H.-J. Kümpel1 1Leibniz Institute for Applied Geosciences, PO Box 510153, Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hannover, Germany
2Dinas Pertambangan dan Energi, Jalan T. Nyak Arief No. 195, 23114 Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Abstract. As part of the project "Management of Georisk" (MANGEONAD) of the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Hanover, high resolution shallow shear-wave reflection seismics was applied in the Indonesian province Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, North Sumatra in cooperation with the Government of Indonesia, local counterparts, and the Leibniz Institute for Applied Geosciences, Hanover. The investigations were expected to support classification of earthquake site effects for the reconstruction of buildings and infrastructure as well as for groundwater exploration. The study focussed on the city of Banda Aceh and the surroundings of Aceh Besar. The shear-wave seismic surveys were done parallel to standard geoengineering investigations like cone penetrometer tests to support subsequent site specific statistical calibration. They were also partly supplemented by shallow p-wave seismics for the identification of (a) elastic subsurface parameters and (b) zones with abundance of groundwater. Evaluation of seismic site effects based on shallow reflection seismics has in fact been found to be a highly useful method in Aceh province. In particular, use of a vibratory seismic source was essential for successful application of shear-wave seismics in the city of Banda Aceh and in areas with compacted ground like on farm tracks in the surroundings, presenting mostly agricultural land use areas. We thus were able to explore the mechanical stiffness of the subsurface down to 100 m depth, occasionally even deeper, with remarkably high resolution. The results were transferred into geotechnical site classification in terms of the International Building Code (IBC, 2003). The seismic images give also insights into the history of the basin sedimentation processes of the Krueng Aceh River delta, which is relevant for the exploration of new areas for construction of safe foundations of buildings and for identification of fresh water aquifers in the tsunami flooded region.

Citation: Polom, U., Arsyad, I., and Kümpel, H.-J.: Shallow shear-wave reflection seismics in the tsunami struck Krueng Aceh River Basin, Sumatra, Adv. Geosci., 14, 135-140,, 2008.